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|Which description accurately identifies Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle? rulers of the Roman Republicartists of the Italian Renaissancereligious leaders of the Protestant Reformationphilosophers of ancient Greece |
Which statement about Greek civilization is an opinion rather than a fact?Boys in Sparta were trained to be soldiers.Athens had a better culture than that of Sparta.Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were Greek philosophers.Many adults in Athens did not have the right to vote.
• Kushites adapted Egyptian art and architecture.
• Greeks adopted Phoenician characters for an alphabet.
• Arabs used the Indian mathematical concept of zero.
These actions are examples of
(1) filial piety (3) scientific research
(2) cultural diffusion (4) ethnocentrism
Which societal condition was basic to the development of Greek philosophy?rigid social classesemphasis on individualismreligious uniformitymass education
The Ancient Athenians are credited withinventing and using the wheeleliminating slaveryestablishing governments that had democratic elementsinventing the printing press
What was one effect of Alexander the Great’s conquests?expansion of Hellenistic cultureformation of the Christian churchdecreased importance of the Silk Roadsincreased support of the Mayan leaders
Alexander the Great’s conquests of Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt, and Persia led to thespread of Hellenic cultureadoption of a feudal systemestablishment of representative democracyspread of Islamic culture throughout Europe
Which ancient civilization established the basis of western democracy?PhoenicianEgyptianSumerianGreek
Which statement most likely represents the view of a citizen of ancient Athens visiting Sparta?“The government and society in Sparta are so strict. The people have little voice in government.”“I feel as though I have never left home. Everything here is the same as it is in Athens.”“This society allows for more freedom of expression than I have ever experienced in Athens.”“I have never heard of a society like Sparta that believes in only one God.”
The Ancient Greek city-state of Spartawas primarily concerned with the health of their peoplewas a powerful military stategranted universal suffrage to their peopleplaced great emphasis on literature and the arts
Which society practiced direct democracy?ancient AthensGupta Empiredynastic Chinaearly Egypt
Which concept is most closely related to the main idea of the illustration?isolationarmed conflictcultural diffusionurbanization
Which leader is most closely associated with the accomplishment shown by the illustration?CharlemagneMansa MusaAlexander the GreatSuleiman the Magnificent
The Twelve Tables were the written laws ofancient Babyloniathe Mauryan Empirethe British Empireancient Rome
Which ancient civilization is associated with the Twelve Tables, an extensive road system, and the poets Horace and Virgil?
(1) Babylonian (3) Phoenician
(2) Greek (4) Roman
A major effect of the decline of the Roman Empire was that Western Europecame under the control of the Muslimswas absorbed by the Byzantine Empirereturned to a republican form of governmententered a period of chaos and disorder The Pillars of Emperor Asoka of the Mauryan Empire and the Code of Hammurabi of Babylon are most similar to the ziggurats of Sumeriamap projections of MercatorGreat Sphinx of the EgyptiansTwelve Tables of the Romans
Which statement is best supported by the information on this map?The Roman Empire extended over three continents.Rivers kept invaders out of the Roman Empire.Alexandria served as the eastern capital of the Roman Empire.Carthage was eventually destroyed by the Romans.
Based on the information provided by this map, which body of water was most likely the center of Roman trade?
(1) Red Sea (3) Atlantic Ocean
(2) Black Sea (4) Mediterranean Sea
The Ancient Romans’ most significant contribution to Europe has been in the area ofeconomicspoetrydramalaw
The political system of the Ancient Roman Empire was characterized bya strong central governmentrule by a coalition of emperors and religious leadersuniversal suffrage in national electionsa strict adherence to constitutional principles
Important long-term contributions of Ancient Greek and Roman civilizations are primarily found in the area ofmilitary technologyreligious doctrineeconomic policy and planninggovernment and law
An immediate result of the fall of the Roman Empire wasa renewed interest in education and the artsa period of disorder and weak central governmentan increase in trade and manufacturingthe growth of cities and dominance by the middle class
A major contribution of the Roman Empire to Western society was the development ofgunpowderthe principles of revolutionary socialismmonotheisman effective legal system
A major contribution of the Roman Republic to Western European culture was theconcept of government by lawsbelief that political power should be controlled by the militaryestablishment of agricultural communesrejection of the concept of slavery
Both the Ancient Romans and the Ancient Chinese viewed foreigners as barbarians. This is an example ofcultural diffusionmaterialismimperialismethnocentrism An immediate result of the fall of the Roman Empire was a renewed interest in education and the artsa period of disorder and weak central governmentan increase in trade and manufacturingthe growth of cities and dominance by the middle class
A major impact of Ancient Greece and Rome on Western Civilization was thatthe Greeks and Romans succeeded in achieving a classless society, which was later copied in Western EuropeGreek sculpture and Roman architecture were much admired and copied in the 18th and 19th centuriesGreece and Rome transmitted Islamic philosophy to the areas they conqueredGreek and Latin are still widely spoken in universities throughout the West
These architectural achievements best indicate thatadvanced technology existed in early civilizationsreligion was of little importanceentertainment was important to these ancient societiestrade routes existed between China and the Americas