The U.S. and Soviet Union built up hugenuclear arsenals, but then worked to limitthem through treaties. The U.S. led WesternEurope, while the Soviet Union dominatedEastern Europe. Germany wasdivided between East & West. EasternEurope resisted Soviet influence. The U.S.and Soviet Union supported opposingsides in global conflicts between communismand democracy.
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Tense struggles for influence developed inmany parts of the world; a few of theseflared into actual military conflicts.
It made each side in the Cold War resistusing weapons for fear of unleashing devastatingnuclear attack.
5. Identify similarities& differences between the SovietUnion & the United States during theCold War.
Both nations feared each other and bothtried to influence other nations to sharetheir views. The U.S. experienced freedom,economic prosperity, and anxietyover communism.
+Section 2+2. How did the U.S., Western Europe, & Japan achieve economic prosperity & strengthen democracy during the Cold War years?
The U.S. benefited from lack of war damage & high global demand for goods & services. Western Europe benefited from the Marshal Plan & Social Welfare Programs. West Germany & Japan were able to build modern industries after wartime destruction. Finally, Japan benefited from the strong American military support & strong export sales.
The Democrats believed in expanding social programs, while the Republicans believed in reducing the size of government.
4. How was the economic development of Western Europe during the Cold War years similar to or different from that of Japan?
Similarities: Marshall Plan helped fund countries.Differences: Korean War helped the Japanese economy & where trading partners with the U.S.
5. How was trade important to the economic development of Western Europe, the U.S., & Japan during the postwar decades?
Internalizing labor in Japan created a flexible labor force in post-war Japan. As a result they had more inventory to trade.
Communist victory meant communist rulein China and in North Korea, as well asthe introduction of a wild card in the con-flict between the United States and theSoviet Union.
They reflected an opposition to "bourgeois"property owners and a belief in totalitarianstate control.
4. How did the UnitedStates use the changing relationshipbetween China & the Soviet Union toits own advantage?
5. How mightthe history of Korea have been differentif United Nations forces had notstepped in to oppose the North Koreaninvasion in 1950?
Without the United Nations" involvement,communist aggression might have succeededin Korea entirely and the nationwould not now be divided.
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+Section 4+2. What were the causes &effects of war in Southeast Asia, &what was the American role in thisregion?
Causes: A desire for independence led towar with the French; struggle betweenCommunist and non-communist groups ledto a civil war that became part of a largerCold War. Effects: widespread death anddestruction and the spread of communistrule; America entered the war to preventthe spread of communism.