That is what most of us grew up thinking, but then don’t we call any four-legged furry a dog without even trying to identify its gender? We do, and that confirms that dog might actually be a gender-neutral term. Now, the question is:

What is a male dog called?

A male dog is called a dog – but there is a disagreement over whether it’s a gendered term or not. While “dog” would do for both males and females in most situations, breeding calls for specific terms. In the breeder’s world, a male dog that hasn’t fathered an offspring is called a stud, while a fathering dog is called a sire.

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That answers the question, but we have all heard of other terms used for male and female dogs. Some are archaic and obsolete, while others carry a negative connotation. Nevertheless, it is an exciting topic to explore. Read on to know more.

The Gender Distinction

You must be wondering why we use the same word for both genders. Dogs aren’t an exception in this case. For most animals, there is just one term for both male and female species. All cats remain cats even though we have the term “tomcat” for the male.

For the sake of clarity, many people prefer to use “male dog” and “female dog” when referring to their pets. That is similar to how most people would say male horse and female horse instead of horse and mare.

So far, it might seem like no one ever bothered to think of gendered nouns for dogs outside of the breeding world, but that is not true. There were specific terms for male and female dogs, but they aren’t commonly used anymore.



A male dog is simply called a dog, unless you are talking to a breeder, or as a breeder. Technical or breeding terms like sire and stud aren’t used in casual conversations. They aren’t alternatives for “dog,” and anyone unaware of their specific usage should steer clear of them. If you don’t want to call it a dog, you can use other casual and endearing terms like pooch, doggie, or doggo.


Why is dog an insult?

Dog is no longer an insult in the English language, nor does it carry a negative connotation in the US. Even if Trump uses it as an insult, Americans are generally animal-loving people who appreciate dogs for their loyal and friendly nature.

What is a group of dogs called?

A group of dogs is called a pack or a kennel. A mute is another word used for a group of dogs. Additionally, different terms may be used for different types of dogs, like a cowardice of mutts or a cry of hounds.

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Is a male dog called a bastard in Australia?

There is no concrete evidence to support that myth. Male dogs aren’t generally called a bastard in Australia. However, some people might use the word for a misbehaving or disobedient dog.