Welcome! In this lesson, we will learn to talk about the weather and seasons in Spanish by using some basic structures and vocabulary covered in our previous lesson about weather descriptions and forecasts in a few interesting conversations about the weather and seasons in Spanish (EL CLIMA). This will give you more chances to practice Spanish listening. Comencemos…

Vocabulary introduction: The fourseasons in Spanish

The expressions LAS ESTACIONES or LAS ESTACIONES DEL AÑO can be used to refer to the seasons in Spanish. Many countries have four seasons “cuatro estaciones del año”. The four seasons in Spanish are: OTOÑO (autumn), INVIERNO (winter), PRIMAVERA (spring) and VERANO (summer). Here a video showing you the four seasons through beautiful pictures plus a few important examples we will be using later in the conversations and some important notes. You will also find the two seasons for tropical countries.

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Describing the weather and seasons in Spanish

SER and ESTAR for weather and seasons descriptions

Both SER and ESTAR are very useful for talking about the weather and seasons in Spanish. The verbESTAR will be used to say what the weather is like at a given moment, that is temporary weather conditions, for example: “El clima está caliente”. On the other hand,SER will be usedin a more descriptive and general way, for example: “El clima es caliente en mi ciudad” (the weather is hot in my city – it means it is generally hot). If instead wesaid “El clima está caliente en mi ciudad” it would mean that it is hot right now, but it may change soon.

the seasons in Spanishwill follow the structure . Here are some basic examples, similar tothe ones presentedin the video: “La primavera es hermosa”, “El verano es una estación muy caliente” and “El otoño es colorido”. Listen to the first conversation about the weather and seasons in Spanish andpay attention to SER and ESTAR.

Fernando: ¡Ya llegó el verano! Es tiempo para ir a la playaIsabel: Si, ya estamos en verano. Hoy está haciendo mucho calor.Fernando: Bueno, el verano es una estación muy caliente aquíIsabel: Ni me lo digas, aquí siempre hace calor en verano. Lo bueno es que podemos ir a nadar a la playa ¿verdad?Fernando: Esa es la mejor parte de esta estación del añoScript translation: The weather and seasons in Spanish
Fernando: Summer is here! It’s time to go to the beach Isabel: Yeah, it’s summer. Today is very hot though. Fernando: Well, summer is a hot season here Isabel: Don’t mention it! It is always hot here in summer. The good thing is that we can go swimming at the beach, right? Fernando: That’s the best part of this season

¿Sabías qué? La mayoría de los países de América latina son países tropicales, así que solo tienen dos estaciones al año: la estación seca y la estación lluviosa.

HACE + weather conditions in Spanish

Another very common way to talk about the weather in Spanish is by using the phrase “HACE” from the verb HACER plus weather conditions in Spanish. It would be the equivalent to “It’s” in English, for example: “Hace calor” (It’s hot). The main difference would be that we do not use a Spanish adjective after “Hace”, but a noun so saying “Hace caliente” is incorrect. You can also use “Estar + Hacer in gerund form” as shown in the conversation above, for example: “Está haciendo calor“.

In the next conversation, you will see SER, ESTAR and HACER in use. Notice that this conversation shows how to talk about your favorite season in Spanish and why you prefer a season over another. Click on play to listen to the example.

Isabel: El clima está muy frío hoy. En las noticias dicen que hoy va a caer nieve.Fernando: Es cierto, hoy está haciendo frío. Es porque estamos en invierno ¿A ti te gusta el invierno?Isabel: Si, el invierno es mi estación favorita del año porque puedo esquiar y patinar sobre hieloFernando: uh-mm… pues yo prefiero la primavera. Ya quiero que sea primavera porque el clima es más cálido y puedes hacer más cosas afueraScript translation: The weather and seasons in Spanish
Isabel: The weather is very cold today. They said in the news that it would snow today Fernando: It´s true! It´s cold today. It’s because it’s winter. Do you like winter? Isabel: Yes, winter is my favorite season because I can ski and practice ice skating Fernando: uhmm … well I prefer spring. I want it to be spring already because the weather getswarmer and you can do more things outside

Saying what you like about the seasons in Spanish

“What is your favorite season?” in Spanish

In order to ask someone “What’s your favorite season?” in Spanish, you can use the questions ¿Cuál es tu estación favorita? and ¿Cuál es la estación que te gusta más?. You can answer with “Mi estación favorita es…” and “La estación que más me gusta es…”. Say why you like a season in Spanish with the “porque” (because) plus a simple weather description as in “Mi estación favorita es el invierno porque cae nieve“. Also remember you can use “Me gusta” to express likes in Spanish. Listen to these phrases and questions in the next conversation.

Isabel: ¿Cuál es tu estación favorita?Fernando: En mi país hay 4 estaciones del año. Mi favorita es el otoño porque las hojas cambian de color verde a dorado, amarillo y rojo… y el clima es agradable también.Isabel: Ya veo. En mi país solo tenemos dos estaciones. A mí me gusta la estación seca porque puedo ir a nadar a las playasFernando: pero tú no vives cerca de la playa ¿verdad?Isabel: No, vivo lejos de la playa… El clima de mi ciudad es fresco y hay varios ríos también pero prefiero el marScript translation: The weather and seasons in Spanish
Isabel: What is your favorite season? Fernando: There are 4 seasons in my country. My favorite is fall because leaves change from green to golden, yellow and red… and the weather is nice too. Isabel: I see. In my country we have only two seasons. I like the dry season because I can go swimming at the beaches Fernando: But you do not live near the beach, right? Isabel: No, I live far from the beach … my city’s weather is cool and there are several rivers but I prefer the sea

HAY + weather conditions and forecasts in Spanish

The last way to say what the weather is like in Spanish is using <Hay un clima + a weather condition in Spanish> or <El tiempo está + a weather condition in Spanish> like in these examples “Hay un clima soleado esta mañana” and “El tiempo está frío hoy”. You can ask about the weather in Spanish using ¿Cómo está el clima hoy? and ¿Cómo está el tiempo hoy?

As we explained in the previous lesson, we can make weather forecasts in Spanish using “ESTARÁ” (will be), “HABRÁ” (there will be), “CAERÁ” (It will fall) and “HARÁ” (there will be). Check how weather descriptions and forecasts in Spanish are used in a conversation.

Isabel: Llueve bastante en esta ciudad. El cielo está nublado y a veces hay tormentas eléctricas.Fernando: Es porque estamos en la estación lluviosa. La estación seca terminó hace dos meses. Las tormentas son normales en esta estación del año.Isabel: Espero que no hayan huracanes…Fernando: No creo. El pronóstico del tiempo dice que el cielo estará despejado en los próximos días, con algo de viento y temperaturas moderadas.Isabel: Ese es un buen reporte.Conversation Translation
Isabel: It rains a lot in this city. The sky is cloudy and sometimes there are thunderstorms. Fernando: It’s because we are in the rainy season. The dry season ended two months ago. Storms are normal at this time of year. Isabel: I hope we do not have hurricanes… Fernando: I don’t think so. The weather forecast says that the sky will be clear in the coming days, with little wind and moderate temperatures. Isabel: That’s a good report.
Listen to a conversation between two friends who are talking about the weather and seasons in Spanish. This conversation includes some of the phrases to say what you like about a particular season and ways to describe them as well. Press the play button to listen to the conversation and then solve the interactive quiz about it.

Key expressions in the conversation: 1. “Tengo ganas de…” means “I feel like…”2. “Los árboles se ponen de color verde” means “The tres turn green”3. “Seguro se debe a…” means “It must be because of…”

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It is time to test your listening ability in Spanish based on the content of the conversation about the weather in Spanish and the seasons. Listen to the conversation again and then choose the right answer for each question. You will get a Spanish tip about EL CLIMA every time you find a correct answer. You can check the conversation script to check what is being said later. Press START to begin the Spanish quiz.

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Congratulations - you have completed A quiz about the weather and seasons in Spanish – El clima y las estaciones.