The valence electrons of oxygen are six. Oxygen is the eighth element of the periodic table and the symbol is ‘O’. Oxygen participates in the formation of bonds through valence electrons. This article discusses in detail the valence electrons of oxygen.

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What are the valence electrons of oxygen(O)?

Oxygen is a non-metallic element. Oxygen is an element of group-16. The valence electron is the total number of electrons in the last orbit. The total number of electrons in the last shell after the electron configuration of oxygen is called the valence electrons of oxygen.

The valence electrons determine the properties of the element and participate in the formation of bonds. The eighth element in the periodic table is oxygen. That is, the atom of the oxygen element has a total of eight electrons.


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Water molecule structure

The electron configuration of hydrogen shows that hydrogen has only one electron. Two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom make H2O compounds by sharing electrons. As a result, the oxygen atom completes its octave and acquires the electron configuration of neon.

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On the other hand, hydrogen acquires the electron configuration of helium. Therefore, one oxygen atom shares electrons with two hydrogen atoms to form the H2O(water) compound through covalent bonding.