One of them is when talking about your own family members to other people, and the other one is when mentioning someone"s family members.
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Japanese has this culture that they need to pay respect (尊敬 - そんけい sonkei) to other people when mentioning someone"s family members.
While at the same time they have to be modest (謙譲 - けんじょう kenjou) when mentioning their own family members.
Therefore if they have to mention someone"s family members in a conversation, they will address them with the words that are more respectful for the Japanese family members.
Whereas if they are talking about their own family members, they address them with the words that will express their modesty.
Let"s check out what we have for own family members in the following list.
My Own Japanese Family Members
The following is the word list for one"s own Japanese family members.
|1.||家族||かぞく||kazoku||Family / Family Members|
|4.||伯父||おじ||oji||Uncle (Older than Parent)|
|5.||叔父||おじ||oji||Uncle (Younger than Parent)|
|6.||伯母||おば||oba||Aunt (Older than Parent)|
|7.||叔母||おば||oba||Aunt (Younger than Parent)|
|11.||兄弟||きょうだい||kyoudai||Siblings / Brothers|
|17.||夫婦||ふうふ||fuufu||Married Couple / Husband and Wife|
|30.||義理の兄||ぎりのあに||giri no ani||Brother-in-law (older than you)|
|31.||義理の弟||ぎりのおとうと||giri no otouto||Brother-in-law (younger than you)|
|32.||義理の息子||ぎりのむすこ||giri no musuko||Son-in-law|
|33.||義理の～||ぎりの～||giri no ~||~-in-law|
Someone"s Japanese Family Members
The following is the word list for someone"s Japanese family members.
|1.||ご家族||ごかぞく||go kazoku||Someone"s Family / Family Members|
|2.||お爺さん||おじいさん||ojii san||Grandfather / Old Man|
|3.||お婆さん||おばあさん||obaa san||Grandmother / Old Woman|
|4.||伯父さん||おじさん||oji san||Uncle (Older than Parent)|
|5.||叔父さん||おじさん||oji san||Uncle (Younger than Parent)|
|6.||伯母さん||おばさん||oba san||Aunt (Older than Parent)|
|7.||叔母さん||おばさん||oba san||Aunt (Younger than Parent)|
|12.||お兄さん||おにいさん||onii san||Older Brother|
|13.||お姉さん||おねえさん||onee san||Older Sister|
|14.||弟さん||おとうとさん||otouto san||Younger Brother|
|15.||妹さん||いもうとさん||imouto san||Younger Sister|
|16.||ご夫婦||ごふうふ||go fuufu||Married Couple / Husband and Wife|
And if you are interested to find out more vocabulary on Japanese family and how to read them in a correct manner, make sure to check out this page on the must-know terms for family members.
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