One of them is when talking about your own family members to other people, and the other one is when mentioning someone"s family members.

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Japanese has this culture that they need to pay respect (尊敬 - そんけい sonkei) to other people when mentioning someone"s family members.

While at the same time they have to be modest (謙譲 - けんじょう kenjou) when mentioning their own family members.

Therefore if they have to mention someone"s family members in a conversation, they will address them with the words that are more respectful for the Japanese family members.

Whereas if they are talking about their own family members, they address them with the words that will express their modesty.


Let"s check out what we have for own family members in the following list.

My Own Japanese Family Members


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The following is the word list for one"s own Japanese family members.

KanjiHiragana orKatakanaRomajiMeaning
1.家族かぞくkazokuFamily / Family Members
2.祖父そふsofuGrandfather
3.祖母そぼsoboGrandmother
4.伯父おじojiUncle (Older than Parent)
5.叔父おじojiUncle (Younger than Parent)
6.伯母おばobaAunt (Older than Parent)
7.叔母おばobaAunt (Younger than Parent)
8.両親りょうしんryoushinParents
9.ちちchichiFather
10.ははhahaMother
11.兄弟きょうだいkyoudaiSiblings / Brothers
12.姉妹しまいshimaiSisters
13.あにaniOlder Brother
14.あねaneOlder Sister
15.おとうとotoutoYounger Brother
16.いもうとimoutoYounger Sister
17.夫婦ふうふfuufuMarried Couple / Husband and Wife
18.主人しゅじんshujinHusband
19.おっとottoHusband
20.家内かないkanaiWife
21.つまtsumaWife
22.従兄弟いとこitokoCousin (Male)
23.従姉妹いとこitokoCousin (Female)
24.子供こどもkodomoChildren
25.息子むすこmusukoSon
26.むすめmusumeDaughter
27.おいoiNephew
28.めいmeiNiece
29.まごmagoGrandchild
30.義理の兄ぎりのあにgiri no aniBrother-in-law (older than you)
31.義理の弟ぎりのおとうとgiri no otoutoBrother-in-law (younger than you)
32.義理の息子ぎりのむすこgiri no musukoSon-in-law
33.義理の~ぎりの~giri no ~~-in-law

Someone"s Japanese Family Members


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The following is the word list for someone"s Japanese family members.

KanjiHiragana orKatakanaRomajiMeaning
1.ご家族ごかぞくgo kazokuSomeone"s Family / Family Members
2.お爺さんおじいさんojii sanGrandfather / Old Man
3.お婆さんおばあさんobaa sanGrandmother / Old Woman
4.伯父さんおじさんoji sanUncle (Older than Parent)
5.叔父さんおじさんoji sanUncle (Younger than Parent)
6.伯母さんおばさんoba sanAunt (Older than Parent)
7.叔母さんおばさんoba sanAunt (Younger than Parent)
8.ご両親ごりょうしんgo ryoushinParents
9.お父さんおとうさんotou sanFather
10.お母さんおかあさんokaa sanMother
11.ご兄弟ごきょうだいgo kyoudaiSiblings
12.お兄さんおにいさんonii sanOlder Brother
13.お姉さんおねえさんonee sanOlder Sister
14.弟さんおとうとさんotouto sanYounger Brother
15.妹さんいもうとさんimouto sanYounger Sister
16.ご夫婦ごふうふgo fuufuMarried Couple / Husband and Wife
17.ご主人ごしゅじんgo shujinHusband
18.奥さんおくさんokusanWife
19.お子さんおこさんoko sanChildren
20.息子さんむすこさんmusuko sanSon
21.お嬢さんおじょうさんojou sanDaughter
22.お孫さんおまごさんomago sanGrandchild

And if you are interested to find out more vocabulary on Japanese family and how to read them in a correct manner, make sure to check out this page on the must-know terms for family members.

By the way, this link above is an affiliate link, which means that I would earn a commission if you do end up purchasing the related learning course. It"s at no extra cost to you, and please if you have any questions related to this learning course, please let me know and I would be happy to answer them for you.

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