People questioned traditional learning and observed nature for themselves. Translations of classical texts exposed scholars to new ideas,. Discoveries by explorers showed that accepted ideas could be wrong.

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It introduced a heliocentric (sun at the center) theory about the universe vs. the Bible driven belief of a geocentric (earth at the center) universe.
Kepler identified the orbits of the planets were ellipses (ovals) not circluar as Copernicus had thought. Galileo used a telescope to apply his understanding of motion and further validate Copernicus"s heliocentric theory. His observations of Venus helped confirm it.
The law of gravity was his main contribution. Main scientists had observed planets moving around the sun but this theory finally explained why.
1)State a question or problem2)Form a hypothesis3)Design and conduct an experiment the test the hypothesis4)Measure the results of the test5)Analyze the results to determine if the hypothesis is correctThis method is still used today because it allows one scientist to repeat or compare tests under consistant techniques.
How did scientists like Descartes and Newton explain that science couldcoexist with traditional religious beliefs?
What key inventions were made during the Scientific Revolution? Howdid these inventions increase scientists" understanding of nature?
Telescopes, microscopes, barometers and thermometers were all inventions of the scientific revolution. They allowed scientist to see everything from bacteria to plants and to measure everything from pressure to temperature. These tools provided scientific explanations for previous observations.
What was Copernicus"s theory about the sun and planets? How wasit different from what people believed before?
He believed that the sun was the center of the universe. At that time it was commonly believed that the earth was the center.
The Bible stated that the earth was the center of the universe and if this truth was wrong people could cast doubt on other teachings of the church.

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If a major teaching (like the earth being the center of the universe) could be disproved then any teaching from the church could be challenged.
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