Weak acids are weak electrolytes that don’t completely ionize but instead reach a state of equilibrium.

You are watching: Give the characteristics of a strong acid

Strong acidsare considered strong electrolytes. They completely dissociateinto ions when dissolved in water.

Strong binary acids– paired with a highly electronegative atom

Strong binary acids are: HCl, HBr, and HI

Strong oxyacids (or oxoacids)- have 2 or more oxygens than hydrogens

Oxyacids → possess H+ ion, connected to nonmetal and oxygen

Common strong oxyacids are: HNO3, HClO3, HClO4, H2SO4

Exceptions to the rule are: Oxalic acid (H2C2O4)andIodic acid (HIO3)

▪ both have 2 more O than H but are weak acids because carbon and iodine have low electronegativity


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Problem Details

Give the characteristics of a strong acid.

A) ionizes completely in aqueous solutions

B) has equilibrium far to the right

C) has a polar bond

D) has a weaker bond to hydrogen

E) all of the above


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