Weak acids are weak electrolytes that don’t completely ionize but instead reach a state of equilibrium.
You are watching: Give the characteristics of a strong acid
Strong acidsare considered strong electrolytes. They completely dissociateinto ions when dissolved in water.
• Strong binary acids– paired with a highly electronegative atom
Strong binary acids are: HCl, HBr, and HI
• Strong oxyacids (or oxoacids)- have 2 or more oxygens than hydrogens
Oxyacids → possess H+ ion, connected to nonmetal and oxygen
Common strong oxyacids are: HNO3, HClO3, HClO4, H2SO4
Exceptions to the rule are: Oxalic acid (H2C2O4)andIodic acid (HIO3)
▪ both have 2 more O than H but are weak acids because carbon and iodine have low electronegativity
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Give the characteristics of a strong acid.
A) ionizes completely in aqueous solutions
B) has equilibrium far to the right
C) has a polar bond
D) has a weaker bond to hydrogen
E) all of the above
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