In the novel Lord of the Flies, there are many examples of irony. Please list three examples of irony from the story and explain in detail why they are ironic.

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The first example of irony in Lord of the Flies comes in the fact that what are supposed to be young English gentlemen quickly turn into savages. Secondly, we have the irony of Jack stating the importance of having rules and later becoming the chief savage. Finally, there is the irony of the boys desperately needing a grownup and the fact that when one shows up in the form of a dead parachutist, he actually makes things worse.


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Irony is when events unfold in a way opposite of what might be expected.

One great irony is that Simon is the one mistaken by the other boys for the beast and killed. This is ironic on multiple levels. First, Simon is coming with the rational news that what the...


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Irony is when events unfold in a way opposite of what might be expected.

One great irony is that Simon is the one mistaken by the other boys for the beast and killed. This is ironic on multiple levels. First, Simon is coming with the rational news that what the boys fear as a beast is simply the body of a dead parachutist. This voice of rationality is destroyed by irrational impulses in the others. Second, Simon is the most spiritually enlightened and kindest of them all, a beacon of hope bringing a message of salvation, yet they destroy him of all people. The irony of killing the person least likely to harm them and most likely to help them mirrors the irony of the Christ story. Third, even characters who consider themselves enlightened and rational participate in the mob violence of killing Simon, showing how weak the civilization they rely on is.

Another irony is that the choir leader, Jack, who first appears in the long robes of the church, becomes the boy who will strip away the superego that the church tries to instill through its moral strictures. This boy is the last person we would expect, at least at the start, to become a savage leader encouraging cruelty and violence.

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A third irony is that it is not the civilized fire that Piggy and Ralph tend that saves the boys, but the uncontrolled wild fire set by Jack and his corridor . This fire, which is burning down the island, attracts the notice of the rescuers. The boys are, ironically, saved through the savagery that threatened to destroy them.